Hazardous Waste

Hazardous Waste is waste that is dangerous or potentially harmful to human health or the Environment.

Waste is considered 'hazardous' under environmental legislation when it contains substances or has properties that might make it harmful to human health or the environment. This does not necessarily mean it is an immediate risk to human health, although some waste can be.

The European Waste Catalogue Codes are used for the classification of all wastes and hazardous wastes and are designed to form a consistent waste classification system across the EU. The Environmental Protection Agency has overall responsibility for how hazardous waste is treated in Ireland. Anyone commercially transporting hazardous waste is required to be suitably authorised and hold a valid Waste Collection Permit which lists the waste in question. The National Waste Collection Permit Office, NWCPO, is responsible for the administration of the permitting system, a list of authorised collectors and their permits can be viewed online.

The National Transfontier Shipment, TFS, Office in Dublin City Council is the competent authority for the export, import and transit of waste shipments. The TFS office is also the authority for the administration of hazardous waste movements within the state. All movements must be pre-notified to the TFS office. Further information available here.


Asbestos has been used in many building materials and consumer goods. However, when asbestos dust is breathed in, it can be harmful to health. A few simple precautions will help to reduce the risk. This section is intended to help you identify asbestos materials and indicates some steps to take to protect yourself and the environment.

What is Asbestos?

Asbestos is a natural mineral made up of many small fibres. There are three main types:
• Blue Asbestos - Crocidolite
• Brown Asbestos - Amosite
• White Asbestos - Chrysotile

All can be harmful if dust containing the fibre is inhaled.

Asbestos has been used in building materials and consumer goods, particularly to resist heat and to give fire protection. The inhalation of asbestos dust is dangerous and can cause a number of diseases including cancer, often many years after the first exposure. Asbestos products should always be handled carefully. Particular care is necessary with crumbly or loose-fill type products

How Can You Identify Asbestos Products?

Identifying asbestos products can be difficult but the following should help:

• Labelling - many products containing asbestos are labelled accordingly
• If you think a product contains asbestos, but are unsure, the manufacturer or supplier should be able to help you
• If you think there is asbestos but are unsure you can seek expert advice (asbestos monitoring/surveying and removal companies can be found online or in the Classified Telephone Directory

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